Date mid - 1st century C.E.
Artist:Ennion Workshop, probably active in Sidon, Syria
Dimensions 2 9/16 × 3 5/8 × 3 3/8 in., 0.1 lb. (6.5 × 9.2 × 8.6 cm, 64 g.) Overall, Rim: 2 11/16 in. (6.8 cm) Base: 1 3/8 in. (3.5 cm) Other (Neck diameter): 2 11/16 in. (6.9 cm)
Medium Mold-blown and ground glass
Credit Line Gift of Walter P. Chrysler, Jr.
Description Bowl of blown molded transparent bluish/green glass. Blown in a four part mold. Dome bottom with concentric rings. Bottom half has "hairpin" like ribbing, and then a band of cross hatching with a frieze (cartouche) containing makers inscription. Arranged in two rows, with a top band of additional "hairpin" ribbing and then a plain straight rim. Some decomposition (weathering) and iridescence.
Exhibition HistoryIllustration used on WTAR TV show, 5/25/72.
A 4 x 4 ft. blow-up of a color transparency of the "Ennion" bowl was used as collateral material for a packaging exhibition at Rampart Packaging (a subsidiary of Shell oil), James City County, VA, October 1984.
"Ennion: Master of Roman Glass," Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, December 9, 2014 – April 13, 2015; Corning Museum of Glass, Corning, NY, May 15 – October 19, 2015.
Published ReferencesCorning Museum of Glass, _Journal of Glass Studies_, VI, 34-41.
Donald B. Harden, "Two Tomb-Groups of the First Century AD from Yahmour, Syria, and a Supplement to the List of Roman-Syrian Glasses with Mould-Blown Inscriptions," _Syria_ 24, 1944-45, p. 89 (A.3.b), pl. 8.
Corning Museum of Glass, "Important Acquisitions," _Journal of Glass Studies X_ 1968, 181, item 6.
Chrysler Museum at Norfolk Newsletter, Vol. I, No. 2, Apr. 1972, 2-3.
Gusta Lehrer, _Ennion: A First Century Glassmaker_ exh. cat. (Tel Aviv: Eretz Israel Museum, 1979) 10.
A. Engle, _Readings in Glass History_, No. 19, 1985, 80, "Bought in Sidon, c. 1915-1918 from Aziz Khyat, NY".
D.B. Harden, _Glass of the Caesars_, 1987, 151-153.
Nancy Merrill, _A Concise History of Glass Represented in the Chrysler Museum Glass Collection_ (Norfolk, VA: Chrysler Museum of Art, 1989) 16, no. 4.
Dan P. Barag, "Phoenicia and Mould-Blowing in the Early Roman Period," in _Annales du 13 Congrès de l'Association Internationale pour l'Historie du Verre, Pays Bas, 28 août - 1 Septembre 1995_ (Lochem: Association Internationale pour l'Historie du Verre, 1996) 77-92.
Axel von Saldern, _Antikes Glas_ (Munich: Beck, 2004) 241.
Gary Baker, "Glass," in _Collecting with Vision: Treasures From the Chrysler Museum of Art_ (London: D. Giles Ltd., 2007), 123-124, fig. 149.
Christopher S. Lightfoot, _Ennion: Master of Roman Glass_ (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art with Yale University Press, 2014) 106, cat. 23.
Inscriptions Inscribed in rectangle frieze on bowl: "ENNIÛN EÊOIEI" (Ennion Made It).
Provenance Purchased by Walter P. Chrysler, Jr. from Royal-Athena Galleries, November 1966; gift of Walter P. Chrysler, Jr. to Chrysler Museum of Art, 1971.
Current Location Chrysler Museum of Art, Gallery 116-1, Case 5
Object Label Ennion Roman Empire, probably Syria Bowl, mid-1st century C.E. Mold-blown and ground glass Chrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk, VA Gift of Walter P. Chrysler, Jr. 71.6779 The Greek inscription in the rectangular cartouche on upper side reads ENNION/ENOIEI which translates to "Ennion made (it)." Approximately twenty relatively intact vessels survive from the Ennion workshop, which produced the finest and most well-known of the early Roman mold-blown glasses.
Object Number 71.6779