Beaker
Date 4th-5th century
Manufacturer:Unknown
Dimensions Overall: 6 in. (15.2 cm) Overall, Rim: 2 7/8 in. (7.3 cm)
Medium Glass
Credit Line Gift of Walter P. Chrysler, Jr.
Description Beaker/lamp of clear green tinted glass. Cone shaped with fifteen irregular oval blue prints applied in an irregular band about 1" from rim. Badly cracked partly mended, some iridescence and weathering. Sent to Corning (Ray Errett) for repair 8/12/88, returned 10/24/88.
Published ReferencesCorning _Journal of Glass Studies_, VI, 1964, pg. 158, #11, but with cutting too, listed as 3rd or 4th century A.D. Roman Empire Eastern Mediterranean (Byzantium?).
Object Label Late Roman Empire Oil Lamp or Beaker 4th-5th century A.D. Blown glass with hot applications Gift of Walter P. Chrysler, Jr. 71.6830 Cone-shaped vessels like this one were made across the eastern and western provinces of the Roman Empire. Archeologists have found evidence of their use as both lamps and drinking vessels, although not within the same household. This vessel was likely used as a lamp in the Eastern Mediterranean. It was filled with a combination of olive oil and water, which helped cool the glass and increased the optical effects when illuminated. Glass lamps burned longer than clay lamps, an advantage in Jewish households where lamps could not be re-lit during Shabbat. Along with household use, cone-shaped lamps were used in polycandelon to illuminate large spaces, such as churches, tombs and synagogues.
Object Number 71.6830